Some species of deer are struggling to stay alive, but others are doing well. Around the world, there are many kinds of deer that are in danger of going extinct because of different things. But there is still hope for the deer species that is in danger of dying out. Conservation efforts have also made a lot of progress in the past and in the present. Since conservation and preservation are ongoing tasks, some of the details in summary below may change.
If you want to help save this and other species that are in danger of going extinct, you might want to give to one of these environmental groups.
- Pere David’s Deer
The milu or elaphure also called the Pere David’s Deer (Elaphurus davidianus), is an Asian deer species that was thought to be extinct in the wild for a long time. About 40 years ago, the animals were successfully moved back to the river basins where they lived in China.
It is not unheard of to put extinct animals back into the wild, and it has worked in the past to fix damaged ecosystems. Conservationists stopped the Chinese deer species from going extinct and also helped the population grow. More than 50 herds, or groups, of wild animals, live in the river plains of China right now. Even though they have done well, fragile groups still face many problems, such as the threat of diseases and a lack of cooperation when it comes to conservation.
Even though the Père David’s Deer has been brought back, the IUCN still lists it as “Extinct in the Wild” as of 2016. They are found in China. As of today, no longer found in the wild (Critically endangered) Estimates say that there are still more than 8,000 individuals left.
- Bawean Deer
The Axis kuhlii also called the Bawean hog deer or Kuhl’s deer is a species of island animal that is very rare. They only live on Bawean, a small island in the Java Sea that is part of Indonesia but is pretty far away.
Even though they live in a very small area, the population of these small animals, which rarely grow taller than 60 to 70 cm, is thought to be stable. Adults are the only group whose numbers are going down a little bit. Only 200 to 500 people live in the wild, and they all live in a single, unbroken area on the western side of the island.
- Giant Muntjac
The Giant Muntjac (Muntiacus vuquangensis), which is also called the Large-Antlered Muntjac, lives in Vietnam, Laos, and eastern Cambodia. Its natural home is the Annamite mountain range and the hills around it. Because they don’t run into each other in the wild very often, these muntjacs have grown to almost mythical sizes over time. Snaring traps are a common way to hunt in Southeast Asia, but sometimes the animals die in them. But slash-and-burn farming is the main reason for their dramatic decline.
Even though it’s possible, farming practices need to change and more people need to know about it. In fact, they are so rare that it can be hard to find pictures of them. In the picture above, the muntjac is a different species.
The IUCN has put the Giant Muntjac on its list of species that are “Critically Endangered.” No one knows how many are still in the wild, but they don’t show up very often, so it’s likely that there aren’t many.
- Persia’s fallow deer
The Persian Fallow Deer, or Dama Mesopotamia, is on the Internet Archive and Commons.
The endangered Mesopotamian Fallow Deer, or Dama Mesopotamia, is also called the Persian Fallow Deer. It is only found in Iran. Deer used to live in a large part of the Middle East, all the way to Turkey and even Jordan.
The animal was recently put back into the wild in Israel, where a small population is now doing well. As of 2015, there were well over 1100 people living there. Before that, there were only a few. This a great example of a species where efforts to protect it have paid off well.
People hunting them and destroying their habitats have always been the Person Fallow Deer’s biggest worries. The most dangerous thing about common deer species is that they often get hit by cars when they are grazing. Even though the Persian Fallow Deer is slowly making a comeback, the IUCN still lists it as “Endangered.”
- The California Deer
The California Deer, Axis calamianensis, is also known as the Calamian Deer.
The rare Calamian Deer (Axis calamianensis), which is also called the Calamian Hog Deer, lives on the islands with the same name. The Philippine province of Palawan is home to these island-living deer, which are in danger. At the beginning of the 2000s, it was thought that there were only 500 people left in the wild. However, this number has changed a lot over time.
The Calamian Deer is still in danger because agricultural development is destroying its habitat. Human poaching is done for many different reasons, and it adds to the stress that is already on the population. It doesn’t help the animals either that they live on very small islands.
- Vizianay Spotted Deer
The Visayan Spotted Deer (Rusa alfredi), also known as the Philippine Spotted Deer or Prince Alfred Deer, is a type of deer that lives only in the Philippines and is very close to extinction. In the tropical island woods, you might see them.
Even though they are more common than the Calamian Deer, only about 2500 of them are believed to be able to live in the wild (down from a number of 1600 individuals). Because they live in remote places, it’s hard to get accurate numbers.
Visayan Observed Before 1983 , deer were not thought of as a separate species. Because of how logging affects the environment, they have suffered a lot. Hunting is another important reason why their numbers are going down. The IUCN is very worried about their chances of survival because their population is expected to drop sharply. They are currently on the IUCN Red List as “Endangered.”
- South American deer
The South Andean Deer (Hippocamelus bisulcus), also called the Patagonian Huemul, Southern Guatemala, or Chilean Huemul is a species of deer that lives only in the highlands of Patagonia. It is on the verge of extinction (Chile and Argentina). In Argentina, there are only 350–600 people left, and their environment is very broken up, so things are very bad for them there. On the other side of the border, in Chile, there are still a few more people. People who live in the wild are still getting less and less common.
Invasive species make it hard for South Andean Deer to find food, which is one of their biggest problems. Some of the things that are putting pressure on the population are natural predators and economic factors like poaching and habitat damage (e.g. cougars).
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