Do you ever wonder how much a deer weighs? they may all look similar, deer can vary greatly in size depending on their subspecies. From petite mule deer to towering moose, this blog post will explore the different sizes and weights of these majestic animals. So grab a snack and settle in for some fascinating facts about our four-legged friends!
What is a deer?
There are over 30 subspecies of deer, which can weigh anywhere from 50 to 300 pounds! Some of the most common deer species in the US include whitetail, mule deer, and elk. While all deer share some similar characteristics, each subspecies has its own unique features that make it distinct from the others.
Whitetail deer are the most commonly seen type of deer in North America. They typically weigh between 150 and 220 pounds, and have a chest height of between 34 and 44 inches. Mule deer are also fairly common and can weigh between 200 and 350 pounds. Elk are the heaviest subspecies of deer, and can weigh between 500 and 1,000 pounds!
The Boone and Crockett Deer Subspecies
The Boone and Crockett deer subspecies are two of the most well-known deer species in North America. They both have a distinctive appearance, with the Boone deer having a longer neck and legs, and the Crockett deer having a shorter neck and legs.
However, there are some key size differences between these two subspecies. The Boone deer is typically larger than the Crockett deer, with an average weight of around 160 lbs for the Boone subspecies and 130 lbs for the Crockett subspecies. There are also some variations within these averages, so it’s important to understand what makes up a “typical” Boone or Crockett deer.
One of the biggest differences between these subspecies is their antlers. The Boone deer typically has larger antlers, which can grow up to 18 inches long and weigh up to 4 pounds. The Crockett deer’s antlers are typically smaller, measuring around 12 inches long and weighing 1-2 pounds.
There are other factors that can influence a deer’s size, including age, sex, nutrition, genetics and access to resources like food and water. But overall, size is one of the main factors that distinguishes between these two subspecies of deer.
What are the weight differences between the subspecies of deer?
There is a lot of variation in deer weights across the different subspecies. In general, bucks are typically heavier than does, but there are exceptions to this rule. For example, the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) is the heaviest subspecies and the Antlerless white-tailed deer (O. albicollis) is the lightest.
The Blackbuck (Antilocapra americana) falls somewhere in between the two extremes, with typical weights of around 160 to 180 pounds for bucks and 120 to 140 pounds for does. There are also some very small deer species, like the Sika Deer (Cervus nippon), that weigh almost nothing at all – only 10 to 12 pounds!
Deer Body Weight Chart
Here is our list of most deer species and their average weights (in pounds and kilograms).
Weights of Different Types of Deer
|Deer Species||Average Weight (pounds)||Average Weight (kilograms)|
|Roe Deer||22-77 lbs||10-35 kg|
|Moose||840-1540 lbs||380-700 kg|
|Mule Deer||55-150 lbs||25-68 kg|
|White-Tailed Deer||150 lbs||68 kg|
|Fallow Deer||100-175 lbs||46-80 kg|
|Elk||705 lbs||320 kg|
|Chital||80 lbs||36 kg|
|Red Brocket||45 lbs||20 kg|
|Sambar Deer||400 lbs||180 kg|
|South Andean Deer||155 lbs||70 kg|
|Eld’s Deer||210 lbs||95 kg|
|Reeves’s Muntjac||28 lbs||13 kg|
|Red Deer||440 lbs||200 kg|
|Sika Deer||90 lbs||42 kg|
|Indian Hog Deer||75 lbs||35 kg|
|Siberian Roe Deer||90 lbs||40 kg|
|Pygmy Brocket||35 lbs||16 kg|
|Dwarf Brocket||35 lbs||16 kg|
|Southern Pudu||21 lbs||9.6 kg|
|Indian Muntjac||40 lbs||18 kg|
|Pere David’s Deer||375 lbs||170 kg|
|Barasingha||375 lbs||170 kg|
|Fea’s Muntjac||45 lbs||20 kg|
|Hairy-Fronted Muntjac||40 lbs||18 kg|
|Taruca||100 lbs||45 kg|
|Reindeer||375 lbs||170 kg|
|Philippine Deer||110 lbs||49 kg|
|Little Red Brocket||45 lbs||20 kg|
|Giant Muntjac||80 lbs||36 kg|
|Thorold’s Deer||310 lbs||140 kg|
|Javan Rusa||145 lbs||65 kg|
|Visayan Spotted Deer||100 lbs||45 kg|
|Merida Brocket||35 lbs||16 kg|
|Calamian Deer||90 lbs||40 kg|
|Gongshan Muntjac||40 lbs||18 kg|
|Schomburghk’s Deer||240 lbs||110 kg|
|Brown Brocket||40 lbs||18 kg|
|Bornean Yellow Muntjac||40 lbs||18 kg|
|Northern Pudu||21 lbs||9.6 kg|
|Tufted Deer||50 lbs||23 kg|
Fluctuations in deer weight during the season
The average deer weighs about 150 pounds at the start of the hunting season, but can weigh up to 200 pounds by the end. This weight fluctuation is largely due to variations in body mass and metabolism between the various subspecies of deer. For example, bucks typically have more muscle mass and a higher metabolic rate than does, which leads to them gaining weight faster during the hunting season.
deer weight due to seasons, breeding
In fact, they are so popular that there are many different subspecies of deer that can be hunted in different parts of the country.
Depending on the region, deer can weigh anywhere from 50 to 300 pounds. However, the average deer weighs around 150 pounds. This means that a buck will typically weigh more than a doe, and a large bull will weigh more than either a buck or a doe.
One major factor that affects how much deer weigh is their age and breeding status. Bucks and Does that are younger (1-2 years old) typically weigh less than bucks and does that are older (5-6 years old). And does that are pregnant or have young kids usually weigh more than does without kids. Finally, bucks that have had a lot of growth spurts (4-6 months) will usually weight more than bucks that haven’t had as much growth spurts (0-3 months).
Individual deer differ in weight for a variety of reasons
Deer vary in weight for a variety of reasons. For instance, the hindquarters and antlers of some deer species are more heavily muscled than others, which means they can weigh more. In addition, male red deer may weigh more than female red deer because they have larger testes that produce more testosterone. And finally, there are variations in body size and muscle mass among individual deer due to genetic variation.
Weight Components Variation
Deer weights can vary greatly between subspecies. For example, the whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus) weighs an average of 150 to 180 pounds, while the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) averages around 220 pounds. The blacktail deer (Odocoileus bicolor) is much smaller, averaging only 60 to 80 pounds.
Chest (Girth) Measurement of Deer Weight
Here is a chart with information that will assist you with estimating the weight of a deer based on chest and girth measurements.
Measuring a deer’s chest is easy if you measure it immediately behind its front legs. Edible meat refers to venison without bones.
|Deer Chest Measurement||Live Weight of Deer||Deer Weight (after field dressing)||Weight of Edible Meat (estimate)|
|22 inches||45 pounds||32 pounds||22 pounds|
|44 inches||244 pounds||198 pounds||110 pounds|
|43 inches||228 pounds||182 pounds||103 pounds|
|47 inches||310 pounds||251 pounds||139 pounds|
|20 inches||37 pounds||26 pounds||18 pounds|
|42 inches||210 pounds||170 pounds||94 pounds|
|41 inches||195 pounds||156 pounds||88 pounds|
|40 inches||182 pounds||144 pounds||80 pounds|
|48 inches||340 pounds||272 pounds||153 pounds|
|39 inches||169 pounds||135 pounds||74 pounds|
|38 inches||157 pounds||126 pounds||71 pounds|
|37 inches||146 pounds||115 pounds||66 pounds|
|45 inches||267 pounds||214 pounds||120 pounds|
|36 inches||135 pounds||104 pounds||61 pounds|
|46 inches||290 pounds||233 pounds||130 pounds|
|35 inches||126 pounds||99 pounds||57 pounds|
|33 inches||110 pounds||87 pounds||50 pounds|
|32 inches||102 pounds||80 pounds||45 pounds|
|31 inches||98 pounds||74 pounds||42 pounds|
|30 inches||90 pounds||70 pounds||39 pounds|
|34 inches||118 pounds||91 pounds||54 pounds|
|29 inches||82 pounds||64 pounds||36 pounds|
|28 inches||77 pounds||59 pounds||34 pounds|
|26 inches||66 pounds||49 pounds||30 pounds|
|25 inches||61 pounds||43 pounds||29 pounds|
|24 inches||55 pounds||38 pounds||27 pounds|
|23 inches||50 pounds||35 pounds||24 pounds|
|27 inches||71 pounds||53 pounds||31 pounds|
|21 inches||41 pounds||29 pounds||20 pounds|
How much does a deer’s hanging weight weigh?
Deer weights vary depending on their subspecies. Not all deer are the same size, so knowing their weight can be very helpful in gauging how much to harvest. Here is a breakdown of the average hanging weights for six different deer subspecies:
What Is the Yield of Edible Venison from a Deer?
Edible venison from deer varies depending on the subspecies. Generally, the larger the deer, the more meat there will be on its carcass. For example, a whitetail deer will have more meat on its hindquarters than a doe or buck. The yield of edible venison from a deer also depends on how old and healthy the animal is when it’s harvested. A young, healthy deer will yield more meat than an old, sick deer.
One hundred pounds of fresh venison from an 8-point buck will generally contain around 160 pounds of usable meat (lean muscle tissue and fat). That same 100-pound buck would only contain around 48 pounds of usable meat if it were a doe or 40 pounds if it were a 2-point buck.
Deer are fascinating creatures, and knowing the size differences between subspecies can only make them that much more interesting. In this article, we will explore the different sizes of deer and provide you with a little bit of insight into why these variations exist. We hope that reading about deer size will help you appreciate them even more and that by learning about their individual dimensions, you can better identify them when you see them.
- The Unique Features of a Muntjac Deer’s Face and What They Reveal
- The contrast between horns and antlers- facts about antlers
- Why Do Muntjac Deer Have Holes on Their Faces? Exploring Theories and Scientific Explanations
- What Is A Baby Deer Called? Facts About Baby Deer Fawn
- Why Baby Deer Have White Spots
- Do female deer have antlers?