How Much Does a Deer Weigh?  Discover The Size Differences Between Subspecies

Do you ever wonder how much a deer weighs?  they may all look similar, deer can vary greatly in size depending on their subspecies. From petite mule deer to towering moose, this blog post will explore the different sizes and weights of these majestic animals. So grab a snack and settle in for some fascinating facts about our four-legged friends!

What is a deer?

There are over 30 subspecies of deer, which can weigh anywhere from 50 to 300 pounds! Some of the most common deer species in the US include whitetail, mule deer, and elk. While all deer share some similar characteristics, each subspecies has its own unique features that make it distinct from the others.

Whitetail deer are the most commonly seen type of deer in North America. They typically weigh between 150 and 220 pounds, and have a chest height of between 34 and 44 inches. Mule deer are also fairly common and can weigh between 200 and 350 pounds. Elk are the heaviest subspecies of deer, and can weigh between 500 and 1,000 pounds!

The Boone and Crockett Deer Subspecies

The Boone and Crockett deer subspecies are two of the most well-known deer species in North America. They both have a distinctive appearance, with the Boone deer having a longer neck and legs, and the Crockett deer having a shorter neck and legs.

However, there are some key size differences between these two subspecies. The Boone deer is typically larger than the Crockett deer, with an average weight of around 160 lbs for the Boone subspecies and 130 lbs for the Crockett subspecies. There are also some variations within these averages, so it’s important to understand what makes up a “typical” Boone or Crockett deer.

One of the biggest differences between these subspecies is their antlers. The Boone deer typically has larger antlers, which can grow up to 18 inches long and weigh up to 4 pounds. The Crockett deer’s antlers are typically smaller, measuring around 12 inches long and weighing 1-2 pounds.

There are other factors that can influence a deer’s size, including age, sex, nutrition, genetics and access to resources like food and water. But overall, size is one of the main factors that distinguishes between these two subspecies of deer.

What are the weight differences between the subspecies of deer?

There is a lot of variation in deer weights across the different subspecies. In general, bucks are typically heavier than does, but there are exceptions to this rule. For example, the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) is the heaviest subspecies and the Antlerless white-tailed deer (O. albicollis) is the lightest.

The Blackbuck (Antilocapra americana) falls somewhere in between the two extremes, with typical weights of around 160 to 180 pounds for bucks and 120 to 140 pounds for does. There are also some very small deer species, like the Sika Deer (Cervus nippon), that weigh almost nothing at all – only 10 to 12 pounds!

Deer Body Weight Chart

Here is our list of most deer species and their average weights (in pounds and kilograms).

Weights of Different Types of Deer

Deer SpeciesAverage Weight (pounds)Average Weight (kilograms)
Roe Deer22-77 lbs10-35 kg
Moose840-1540 lbs380-700 kg
Mule Deer55-150 lbs25-68 kg
White-Tailed Deer150 lbs68 kg
Fallow Deer100-175 lbs46-80 kg
Elk705 lbs320 kg
Chital80 lbs36 kg
Red Brocket45 lbs20 kg
Sambar Deer400 lbs180 kg
South Andean Deer155 lbs70 kg
Eld’s Deer210 lbs95 kg
Reeves’s Muntjac28 lbs13 kg
Red Deer440 lbs200 kg
Sika Deer90 lbs42 kg
Indian Hog Deer75 lbs35 kg
Siberian Roe Deer90 lbs40 kg
Pygmy Brocket35 lbs16 kg
Dwarf Brocket35 lbs16 kg
Southern Pudu21 lbs9.6 kg
Indian Muntjac40 lbs18 kg
Pere David’s Deer375 lbs170 kg
Barasingha375 lbs170 kg
Fea’s Muntjac45 lbs20 kg
Hairy-Fronted Muntjac40 lbs18 kg
Taruca100 lbs45 kg
Reindeer375 lbs170 kg
Philippine Deer110 lbs49 kg
Little Red Brocket45 lbs20 kg
Giant Muntjac80 lbs36 kg
Thorold’s Deer310 lbs140 kg
Javan Rusa145 lbs65 kg
Visayan Spotted Deer100 lbs45 kg
Merida Brocket35 lbs16 kg
Calamian Deer90 lbs40 kg
Gongshan Muntjac40 lbs18 kg
Schomburghk’s Deer240 lbs110 kg
Brown Brocket40 lbs18 kg
Bornean Yellow Muntjac40 lbs18 kg
Northern Pudu21 lbs9.6 kg
Tufted Deer50 lbs23 kg

Fluctuations in deer weight during the season

The average deer weighs about 150 pounds at the start of the hunting season, but can weigh up to 200 pounds by the end. This weight fluctuation is largely due to variations in body mass and metabolism between the various subspecies of deer. For example, bucks typically have more muscle mass and a higher metabolic rate than does, which leads to them gaining weight faster during the hunting season.

deer weight due to seasons, breeding

 In fact, they are so popular that there are many different subspecies of deer that can be hunted in different parts of the country.

Depending on the region, deer can weigh anywhere from 50 to 300 pounds. However, the average deer weighs around 150 pounds. This means that a buck will typically weigh more than a doe, and a large bull will weigh more than either a buck or a doe.

One major factor that affects how much deer weigh is their age and breeding status. Bucks and Does that are younger (1-2 years old) typically weigh less than bucks and does that are older (5-6 years old). And does that are pregnant or have young kids usually weigh more than does without kids. Finally, bucks that have had a lot of growth spurts (4-6 months) will usually weight more than bucks that haven’t had as much growth spurts (0-3 months).

Individual deer differ in weight for a variety of reasons

Deer vary in weight for a variety of reasons. For instance, the hindquarters and antlers of some deer species are more heavily muscled than others, which means they can weigh more. In addition, male red deer may weigh more than female red deer because they have larger testes that produce more testosterone. And finally, there are variations in body size and muscle mass among individual deer due to genetic variation.

Weight Components Variation

Deer weights can vary greatly between subspecies. For example, the whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus) weighs an average of 150 to 180 pounds, while the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) averages around 220 pounds. The blacktail deer (Odocoileus bicolor) is much smaller, averaging only 60 to 80 pounds.

Chest (Girth) Measurement of Deer Weight

Here is a chart with information that will assist you with estimating the weight of a deer based on chest and girth measurements.

Measuring a deer’s chest is easy if you measure it immediately behind its front legs. Edible meat refers to venison without bones.

Deer Chest MeasurementLive Weight of DeerDeer Weight (after field dressing)Weight of Edible Meat (estimate)
22 inches45 pounds32 pounds22 pounds
44 inches244 pounds198 pounds110 pounds
43 inches228 pounds182 pounds103 pounds
47 inches310 pounds251 pounds139 pounds
20 inches37 pounds26 pounds18 pounds
42 inches210 pounds170 pounds94 pounds
41 inches195 pounds156 pounds88 pounds
40 inches182 pounds144 pounds80 pounds
48 inches340 pounds272 pounds153 pounds
39 inches169 pounds135 pounds74 pounds
38 inches157 pounds126 pounds71 pounds
37 inches146 pounds115 pounds66 pounds
45 inches267 pounds214 pounds120 pounds
36 inches135 pounds104 pounds61 pounds
46 inches290 pounds233 pounds130 pounds
35 inches126 pounds99 pounds57 pounds
33 inches110 pounds87 pounds50 pounds
32 inches102 pounds80 pounds45 pounds
31 inches98 pounds74 pounds42 pounds
30 inches90 pounds70 pounds39 pounds
34 inches118 pounds91 pounds54 pounds
29 inches82 pounds64 pounds36 pounds
28 inches77 pounds59 pounds34 pounds
26 inches66 pounds49 pounds30 pounds
25 inches61 pounds43 pounds29 pounds
24 inches55 pounds38 pounds27 pounds
23 inches50 pounds35 pounds24 pounds
27 inches71 pounds53 pounds31 pounds
21 inches41 pounds29 pounds20 pounds

How much does a deer’s hanging weight weigh?

Deer weights vary depending on their subspecies. Not all deer are the same size, so knowing their weight can be very helpful in gauging how much to harvest. Here is a breakdown of the average hanging weights for six different deer subspecies:

What Is the Yield of Edible Venison from a Deer?

Edible venison from deer varies depending on the subspecies. Generally, the larger the deer, the more meat there will be on its carcass. For example, a whitetail deer will have more meat on its hindquarters than a doe or buck. The yield of edible venison from a deer also depends on how old and healthy the animal is when it’s harvested. A young, healthy deer will yield more meat than an old, sick deer.

One hundred pounds of fresh venison from an 8-point buck will generally contain around 160 pounds of usable meat (lean muscle tissue and fat). That same 100-pound buck would only contain around 48 pounds of usable meat if it were a doe or 40 pounds if it were a 2-point buck.


Deer are fascinating creatures, and knowing the size differences between subspecies can only make them that much more interesting. In this article, we will explore the different sizes of deer and provide you with a little bit of insight into why these variations exist. We hope that reading about deer size will help you appreciate them even more and that by learning about their individual dimensions, you can better identify them when you see them.

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